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Appearance-based Gaze Estimation in the Wild

Xucong Zhang, Yusuke Sugano, Mario Fritz, Andreas Bulling

Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), pp. 4511-4520, 2015.


Appearance-based gaze estimation is believed to work well in real-world settings but existing datasets were collected under controlled laboratory conditions and methods were not evaluated across multiple datasets. In this work we study appearance-based gaze estimation in the wild. We present the MPIIGaze dataset that contains 213,659 images we collected from 15 participants during natural everyday laptop use over more than three months. Our dataset is significantly more variable than existing datasets with respect to appearance and illumination. We also present a method for in-the-wild appearance-based gaze estimation using multimodal convolutional neural networks, which significantly outperforms state-of-the art methods in the most challenging cross-dataset evaluation setting. We present an extensive evaluation of several state-of-the-art image-based gaze estimation algorithm on three current datasets, including our own. This evaluation provides clear insights and allows us identify key research challenges of gaze estimation in the wild.



@inproceedings{zhang15_cvpr, author = {Zhang, Xucong and Sugano, Yusuke and Fritz, Mario and Bulling, Andreas}, title = {Appearance-based Gaze Estimation in the Wild}, booktitle = {Proc. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)}, year = {2015}, pages = {4511-4520}, doi = {10.1109/CVPR.2015.7299081}, video = {} }