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Semantic 3D Reconstruction with Learning MVS and 2D Segmentation of Aerial Images

Zizhuang Wei, Yao Wang, Hongwei Yi, Yisong Chen, Guoping Wang

Applied Sciences, 10(4), pp. 1275, 2020.

General pipeline of our work. Three branches are implemented to process the reconstruction dataset. The upper branch is the semantic segmentation branch to predict the semantic probability map; the middle branch is SfM to calculate the 3D odometry and camera poses; the lower branch is to estimate the depth map. Then, semantic fusion is applied to fuse them into a coarse point cloud. The last step is to refine the point cloud by local and global methods.


Semantic modeling is a challenging task that has received widespread attention in recent years. With the help of mini Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), multi-view high-resolution aerial images of large-scale scenes can be conveniently collected. In this paper, we propose a semantic Multi-View Stereo (MVS) method to reconstruct 3D semantic models from 2D images. Firstly, 2D semantic probability distribution is obtained by Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Secondly, the calibrated cameras poses are determined by Structure from Motion (SfM), while the depth maps are estimated by learning MVS. Combining 2D segmentation and 3D geometry information, dense point clouds with semantic labels are generated by a probability-based semantic fusion method. In the final stage, the coarse 3D semantic point cloud is optimized by both local and global refinements. By making full use of the multi-view consistency, the proposed method efficiently produces a fine-level 3D semantic point cloud. The experimental result evaluated by re-projection maps achieves 88.4% Pixel Accuracy on the Urban Drone Dataset (UDD). In conclusion, our graph-based semantic fusion procedure and refinement based on local and global information can suppress and reduce the re-projection error.



@article{wei20_as, title = {Semantic 3D Reconstruction with Learning MVS and 2D Segmentation of Aerial Images}, author = {Wei, Zizhuang and Wang, Yao and Yi, Hongwei and Chen, Yisong and Wang, Guoping}, year = {2020}, journal = {Applied Sciences}, doi = {10.3390/app10041275}, pages = {1275}, volume = {10}, number = {4} }